تحلیلی بر الگو‌های تفکر طراحی و شناسایی نقش و ابعاد آن: مرور نظام‌مند

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشکدۀ روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار، دانشکدۀ روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران

4 استادیار، دانشکدۀ روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

10.22034/jei.2021.242752.1584

چکیده

تفکر طراحیْ روش حل مسئلۀ مشارکتی با رویکرد انسان‌محور است که با بالابردن توانایی‌های تفکر خلاق یادگیرندگان، نوآوری را تقویت می‌کند. هدف از پژوهش حاضر تحلیل مفهوم تفکر طراحی و بررسی الگو‌های تفکر طراحی با جمع‌آوری، ارزیابی و مرور نظام‌مند مقالات مرتبط با این موضوع بود. برای این مطالعه، در بانک‌های دادۀ اریک، ساینس دایرکت، تایلر و فرانسیس، اسپیرینگر و گوگل اِسکالر جست‌وجو شد و کلیۀ مقالاتی که به زبان انگلیسی از سال 2000 تا 2020 در بانک داده‌های آن‌ها نمایه شده بودند گردآوری شدند. پس از جست‌وجو در بانک‌هایِ داده، مقالات مرتبط انتخاب شدند و با ملاک ارزیابیِ casp مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. درنهایت، 36 مقاله تحلیل و بررسی شدند. با توجه به مطالعات به‌دست‌آمده، مطالعات به سه گروهِ 1. مقالاتی که تعریفی نو از تفکر طراحی ارائه داده‌اند؛ 2. الگو‌های جدید را ارائه نموده‌اند؛ و 3. از الگو‌ها در اجرای طرح استفاده نموده‌اند تقسیم و ارزیابی شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of design thinking models and identifying their role and dimensions: A systematic review

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahrā Abolhasani 1
  • Marziye Dehghāni 2
  • Mohammad Javādipour 3
  • Keyvān Sālehi 2
  • Nasrin Mohammadhasani 4
1 PhD in Curriculum Studies at University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 (PhD), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 (PhD), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 (PhD), Khārazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Design thinking is a participatory problem-solving approach with a human-centered approach that enhances innovation by increasing learners' creative thinking abilities. The purpose of this study was to analyze the concept of design thinking and reviewing the models of design thinking by collecting, evaluating and systematically reviewing articles related to this topic. In this study, the databases of ERIC, Science Direct, Tyler & Francis, and Springer were searched, and all English articles indexed in their databases from 2000 to 2020 were collected. After searching the databases, the relevant articles were selected and evaluated according to the CASP evaluation criterion, and finally 36 articles were analyzed. The selected studies were divided in three groups: 1- articles that have provided a new definition of design thinking. 2- those which have presented new models. 3- those which used models in the implementation of the plan; and then they were evaluated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • design thinking
  • model
  • Systematic review
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  • تاریخ دریافت: 16 مرداد 1399
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 11 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 09 مرداد 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 دی 1400