عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the 1970s, greater attention has been given to the integration of work and education and different models of activities, such as work experience, work shadowing, work simulation, work observation, and workplace visiting have been organized in the
workplace to prepare students for work (Rombold, 1990; Willshire, 1994).
There have been major changes in the concept of relationship between work and education. There can be seen four models of industry/school. Development of these four models follows the development of the concept of integration of work and training in
Australia since the 1970s. Regarding the models, there are four stages in development of this concept. In the second half of the 1900s and in the early 21 century, development of information technology (IT) has been created a new model based on virtual instruments for exercising work in a virtual workplace.
This article will classify and analyze the relationship between industry and school provided in practice. Consequently, four models of "teacher-focused", "student ocused", "curriculum focused", and "market focused" have been recognized. Each of them has some advantages and disadvantages. However, all models (separated or
together) can be used in providing opportunities for both industry and school to make a closer relationship between the two parties.
Finally, there are some suggestions by author for application of the models in the case of Iranian vocational education and training system.