عنوان مقاله [English]
In the introductory section of the article, the author deals with the criteria for effectiveness of education and how an effective education can be differentiated from a non-effective one. The answer provided is that effective education, in any domain, is education that leaves an impact on learner’s identity and, thus, becomes part of his/her being. Desirability of education with such quality is an assumption that supports the remaining arguments presented in the article which has as its major focus, education in the sphere of values. By resorting to an integrative mode of inquiry, the author has attempted to survey the relevant literature in this area. The result has been identification of the five approaches to effective values education for childhood age range. They are called the cultural, the integrated, the artistic, the cognitive and the action/practice approach. The education systems are advised to benefit from the unique potential of these approaches in an eclectic fashion. That is, none of the mentioned approaches should be eliminated from the scene in pursuing the appropriate goals; rather an interdisciplinary and context-specific reference to the five approaches should become the order of practice in the education system.