اثربخشی آموزش حل مسئلة اجتماعی بر کاهش قربانی شدن دانش آموزان قربانی قلدری

نویسندگان

1 استاد روان شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 استاد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانشیار روان‌شناسی کودکان استثنایی، دانشگاه تبریز

4 دانشجوی دکترای روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

ازآنجاکه ناتوانی در مهارت حل مسئلة اجتماعی در دانش آموزان قربانی قلدری یکی از عوامل تشدید و تداوم قربانی شدن این گونه افراد است، هدف این پژوهش آموزش حل مسئلة اجتماعی و تعیین میزان اثربخشی آن بر کاهش قربانی شدن این دانش آموزان بود. این پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون و گروه گواه بود. جامعة آماری مورد مطالعه یکی از دبیرستان های دخترانه دورة اول شهر تبریز در سال تحصیلی 96-95 بود که به صورت تصادفی از بین مدارس نواحی پنج گانة تبریز انتخاب شد و نمونة آماری نیز شامل 30 دانش آموز قربانی قلدری بود که به روش خوشه ای تصادفی در چند مرحله انتخاب و به شیوة تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفری آزمایش و گواه گمارده شدند. گروه آزمایش طی 8 جلسه تحت آموزش برنامة حل مسئلة اجتماعی قرار گرفت. برای جمع آوری داده ها از مقیاس قربانی قلدری کالیفرنیا استفاده شد. داده ها به وسیلة 16 SPSS با روش تحلیل کوواریانس مورد تجزیه وتحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته های حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داد، آموزش حل مسئلة اجتماعی بر کاهش رفتار قربانی شدن دانش آموزان قربانی قلدری، تأثیر معناداری داشته است (0/73= ŋ و0/001>P و (47/32 و 1/31) =df و 93/74= f). ازآنجاکه نتایج، بیان گر اثربخشی آموزش حل مسئلة اجتماعی بر کاهش قربانی شدن دانش آموزان بود. پیشنهاد می شود که این برنامه به عنوان بخشی از دوره های آموزش ضمن خدمت متولیان درگیر با دانش آموزان، جهت ارتقای مهارت های مقابله ای دانش آموزان قربانی قلدری قرار گیرد.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of social problem solving training program on reducing the bullying victimization of students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mansour Bayrāmi 1
  • Touraj Hāshemi 2
  • Mirmahmood Mirnasab 3
  • Leilā Kolyāei 4
1 (PhD), University of Tabriz
2 (PhD), University of Tabriz
3 (PhD), University of Tabriz
4 PhD Candidate in Educational Psychology at University of Tabriz (Corresponding Author)
چکیده [English]

Due to the fact that social problem solving incompetency in bullying victimization students is one of the factors that exacerbates the condition for such students, this study aimed at social problem solving training and determining its effectiveness on reducing the bullying victimization of students. It was a quasi-experimental research with pretest-posttest control group design. The research population included all the first cycle high school female students of Tabriz in the academic year 1395-96 who were selected randomly from among the five educational districts of this city. The research sample consisted of 30 bullying victimization students. They were selected using random multi-stage cluster sampling method and they were assigned into control (15 students) and experimental (15 students) groups. The experimental group was trained in social problem-solving program for 8 sessions.‎To collect the data, The California Bullying Victimization Scale (CBVS) was used.‎ The data was analyzed using SPSS-16 software via ANCOVA method.‎ Findings demonstrated a significant positive impact of social problem solving training on reducing the victimization behavior of students (F(1/31,47/32)‎=93.‎74,P<0.‎001,ŋ=0.‎73 )). Because the results showed that this training program is an effective intervention which reduces the bullying victimization of students, the use of this program as a part of in-service training courses of teachers involved with students is suggested to promote coping skills of students who may be victimized by bullying. 

 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Problem Solving Training
  • Bullying
  • Bullying Victimization Students

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