The purpose of this study was to develop a structural model of students' academic engagement based on the achievement and self-regulation goals with the mediating role of academic motivation. In a descriptive-correlational study, 473 female students from the second-cycle secondary schools in the city of Ilām were selected, using a random stratified sampling method.
The main objective of this study was to find the role of the student-level and school-level on students’ academic achievement. Research population included students, principals, vice-principals, and academic counselors of Tehran’s vocational and technical schools in the academic year 1391-92. 10 regions from 5 Tehran’s educational districts and 2 schools from each region were selected, with a total of 906 third-grade students from these schools and from 39 classes using multi-stage cluster sampling.