سنتزپژوهی عوامل اساسی مؤثر در ارتقای کیفیت محیط‌های آموزشی بر مبنای الگوی روبرتس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه معماری، واحد علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه معماری، واحد علوم و تحقیقات دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران

3 دانشیار گروه معماری، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

10.22034/jei.2022.322422.2220

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر شناسایی عوامل اساسی مؤثر در ارتقای کیفیت معماری محیط‌های آموزشی به‌منظور افزایش حضور باانگیزهٔ دانش‌آموزان در محیط و درنتیجه تقویت بازدهی تحصیلی است. پژوهش حاضر از نوع کیفی است. جامعهٔ موردبررسی پژوهش‌های علمی معتبر از سال 1980 تا 2019 در حوزهٔ انگیزه‌بخشی دانش‌آموزان در مدارس و مؤلفه‌های رفتاری، فیزیکی و روان‌شناختی مؤثر در ارتقای کیفیت محیط است. در ابتدا با استفاده از واژه‌های کلیدی «محیط آموزشی»، «مدرسه»، «بازدهی تحصیلی»، «آموزش‌گریزی»، «ساختار معماری» و غیره و بر اساس معیار ورود، 362 پژوهش علمی شناسایی شدند و سپس با توجه به معیار خروج درنهایت 59 مقاله به مرحلهٔ تحلیل نهایی وارد شدند. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل کیفی اسناد از الگوی شش‌مرحله‌ای سنتزپژوهی روبرتس با استفاده از روش‌های کدگذاری خط‌به‌خط MAXQDA10 استفاده شد. درنهایت عوامل اساسیِ زیر شناسایی شد که عبارت بودند از: 1. رفتاری ـ رضایتمندی؛ 2. روان‌شناختی ـ حس تعلق به مکان؛ و 3. فیزیکی ـ ساختاری معماری. همچنین الگوی مفهومی عوامل اساسی مؤثر در ارتقای کیفیت محیط‌های آموزشی شناسایی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Research synthesis of key factors influential on improving the quality of educational spaces based on Roberts model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sheydā Salāmāt 1
  • Farah Habib 2
  • Āzāde Shāhcherāghi 3
1 PhD Candidate in Architecture at Islāmic Āzād University (Science and Research Branch), Tehran, Iran
2 (PhD), Islāmic Āzād University (Science and Research Branch), Tehran, Iran
3 (PhD), Islāmic Āzād University (Science and Research Branch), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the current research was to identify the key factors that are effective in improving the quality of the educational environment's architecture in order to increase the motivated presence of students in such environment and as a result to strengthen the academic efficiency. It was a qualitative research. The research population included the valid scientific researches, published between 1980 up to 2019, on motivating students at schools and the behavioral, physical and psychological components influential on improving the quality of the environment. At first, using the keywords "educational environment", "school", "academic efficiency", "evasion of education", "architectural structure" etc… and based on the entry criteria, 362 scientific researches were identified. Then, considering the exclusion criteria, 59 articles were included in the final analysis stage. To analyze the documents qualitatively, Roberts' six-stage research synthesis model was applied, using "MAXQDA10" line-by-line coding methods. Finally, the following key factors were identified including: 1. behavioral-satisfaction, 2. psychological- sense of belonging to the place, and 3. physical - the architectural structure. Also, the conceptual model of key factors influential on improving the quality of educational environments was developed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Educational environments
  • Sense of Place
  • Architectural Quality
  • Satisfaction
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