عنوان مقاله [English]
The school principals have an outstanding influence on the school outcomes, as much as the researchers define their role as a second effective factor on the student educational improvement. The question that »what are the characteristics of a successful school and principal? « has attracted the attention of many researchers and international researches and ISSPP has been one of the most important ones. This review study has analyzed findings of 7 countries, i.e., Australia, Denmark, England, Norway, Sweden, USA and China. For this purpose, the content of the relevant published papers in the two special issues of “Journal of Educational Administration” were compared and analyzed. Using coding procedure, open and axial codes were identified with regard to the research questions. The results showed that successful schools have 61 characteristics in 12 dimensions and successful principals have 23 characteristics in 4 dimensions. The results have been discussed in the final section of the paper.
Bush, T. (2010). Theories of educational leadership & management. Sage Publications Ltd.
Coleman, J., Campbell, E., Hobson, C., McPartland, J., Mood, A., Weinfield, F. & York, R. (1966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington D.C.: Government Printing.
Cotton, K. (2003). Principals and student achievement: What the research says. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Day, C. (2005). Sustaining success in challenging contexts: Leadership in English schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 573-583.
Day, C. (2009). Building and sustaining successful principalship in England: The importance of trust. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(6), 719-730.
Day, C., Harris, A., Hadfield, M., Tolley, H., Beresford, J. (2000). Leading Schools in Times of Change. Open University Press: Buckingham, UK.
Drysdale, L., Goode, H., & Gurr, D. (2009). An Australian model of successful school leadership: Moving from success to sustainability. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(6), 697-708.
Gurr, D. (2015). A model of successful school leadership from the international successful school principalship project. Societies, 5(1), 136-150.
Gurr, D., Drysdale, L., & Mulford, B. (2005). Successful principal leadership: Australian case studies. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 539-551.
Hallinger, P. & Heck, R. (1996). Reassessing the principal’s role in school effectiveness: A review of empirical research, 1980-1995. Educational Administration Quarterly, 32(1), 5-44.
Hallinger, P. (2003). The emergence of school leadership development in an era of globalization: 1980-2002. In P. Hallinger (Ed.), Reshaping the Landscape of School Leadership Development. The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Hallinger, P. (2011). Leadership for learning: Lessons from 40 years of empirical research. Journal of educational administration, 49(2), 125-142.
Höög, J., Johansson, O., & Olofsson, A. (2005). Successful principalship: the Swedish case. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 595-606.
Howard, T. C. (2010). Why race and culture matter in schools: Closing the achievementgap in America’s classrooms. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.
Jacobson, S. L., Johnson, L., Ylimaki, R., & Giles, C. (2005). Successful leadership in challenging US schools: enabling principles, enabling schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 607-618.
Jacobson, S. L., Johnson, L., Ylimaki, R., & Giles, C. (2009). Sustaining success in an American school: A case for governance change. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(6), 753-764.
Jencks, C., Smith, M., Acland, H., Bane, M., Cohen, D. Gintis, H., Heyns, B., & Michelson, S. (1972). Inequality: A reassessment of the effect of family and schooling in America. New York. Harper & Row.
Kilpatrick, S., Johns, S., Mulford, B., Falk, I. & Prescott, L. (2002). More than education: Leadership for rural school-community partnerships. Canberra: RIRDC Press.
Leithwood, K., & Riehl, C. (2003). What we know about successful school leadership. Nottingham: National College for School Leadership.
Leithwood, K. (2005). Understanding successful principal leadership: progress on a broken front. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 619-629.
Leithwood, K., Harris, A., & Hopkins, D. (2008). Seven strong claims about successful school leadership. School Leadership & Management, 28(1), 27-42.
Lezotte, L. (1991). Correlates of effective schools: The first and second generation. Okemos, MI: Effective Schools Products, Ltd.
McKenzie, P.; Mulford, B & Anderson, M. (2007). School Leadership and Learning: an Australian Overview. The Leadership Challenge - Improving learning in schools. Papers for Australian Council for Educational Research, Research Conference, Melbourne, August.
Møller, J., Eggen, A., Fuglestad, O. L., Langfeldt, G., Presthus, A. M., Skrøvset, S., & Vedøy, G. (2005). Successful school leadership: the Norwegian case. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 584-594.
Møller, J., Vedøy, G., Presthus, A. M., & Skedsmo, G. (2009). Successful principalship in Norway: sustainable ethos and incremental changes? Journal of Educational Administration, 47(6), 731-741.
Moos, L., & Kasper Kofod, K. (2009). Sustained successful school leadership in Denmark. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(6), 709-718.
Moos, L., & Johansson, O. (2009). The International Successful School Principalship Project: success sustained? Journal of Educational Administration, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 47(6), 765-780.
Moos, L., Krejsler, J., Kasper Kofod, K., & Brandt Jensen, B. (2005). Successful school principalship in Danish schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 563-572.
Mulford, W., Silins, H., Leithwood, K. (2004). Educational leadership for organizational learning and improved student outcomes. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Pont B., Nushe, D, & Moorman, H. (2008). Improving School Leadership, Volume 1: Policy and Practice. Paris: OECD.
Reynolds, D. & Creemers, B. P. M (1990). School effectiveness and school improvement. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 1(1), 1–3.
Sebastian, J., & Allensworth, E. (2012). The Influence of Principal Leadership on Classroom Instruction and Student Learning a Study of Mediated Pathways to Learning. Educational Administration Quarterly, 48(4), 626-663.
Shin, S., Slater, C. L. & Backhoff, E. (2012). Principal Perceptions and Student Achievement in Reading in Korea, Mexico, and the United States: Educational Leadership, School Autonomy, and Use of Test Results. Educational Administration Quarterly, 49(3), 489 -527.
Shin, S., & Slater, C. L. (2010). Principal leadership and mathematics achievement: An international comparative study. School Leadership & Management, 30, 317-334.
Swann, R., Gurr, D., Ford, P., Drysdale, L., Hardy, R., & Di Natale, E. (2003). Successful school leadership in Victoria: three case studies. Leading and Managing, 9(1), 18-37.
Teddlie, Ch., & Reynolds, D. (Eds.) (2000). The International Handbook of School Effectiveness Research. London: Falmer Press.
Tubin, D. (2015). School Success as a Process of Structuration. Educational Administration Quarterly, 51(4), 640 – 674.
Tubin, D., & Pinyan-Weiss, M. (2015). Distributing positive leadership the case of team counseling. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 43(4), 507-525.
Wong, K. C. (2005). Conditions and practices of successful principalship in Shanghai. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(6), 552-562.