تأثیر الگوی انگیزشی MUSIC بر انگیزش تحصیلی درونی و بیرونی، درگیری تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی درس ریاضی دانش آموزان پایه هشتم شهر دزفول

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، خوزستان

2 دانشیار روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، خوزستان

3 استادیار روان‌شناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اهواز، خوزستان

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی چگونگی تأثیر الگوی انگیزشی MUSIC بر انگیزش تحصیلی درونی و بیرونی، درگیری تحصیلی (راهبردهای انگیزشی، راهبردهای یادگیری) و عملکرد تحصیلی دانش آموزان در درس ریاضی است. روش پژوهش حاضر تجربی و از نوع پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعة آماری شامل کلیة دانش آموزان پایة هشتم شهرستان دزفول بود. با روش تصادفی خوشه ای چندمرحله ای تعداد 50 دانش آموز در قالب دو کلاس درس 25 نفره از بین مدارس شهر دزفول انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل تقسیم شدند. از هر دو گروه پیش آزمون های انگیزش تحصیلی، و درگیری تحصیلی به عمل آمد و سپس الگوی انگیزشی MUSIC در گروه آزمایش به اجرا درآمد ولی گروه کنترل آموزشی دریافت نکرد. در این پژوهش از ابزار انگیزش تحصیلی درونی و بیرونی هارتر و راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی استفاده شد که پایایی آن ها با آلفای کرونباخ برای انگیزش تحصیلی درونی 0/82، انگیزش تحصیلی بیرونی 0/71 و برای  پرسش نامة راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیمی 0/83 به دست آمد. داده های حاصل یا روش های توصیفی و استنباطی (آزمون لوین، آزمون کالموگروف- اسمیرنف، تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیری (ANCOVA))، توصیف و تحلیل شدند. نتایج حاصل نشان داد که استفاده از الگوی انگیزشی MUSIC باعث افزایش انگیزش تحصیلی درونی و کاهش انگیزش تحصیلی بیرونی، افزایش درگیری تحصیلی و همچنین بهبود عملکرد تحصیلی دانش آموزان گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه گواه شده است. بنابراین استفاده از الگوی انگیزشی MUSIC بر انگیزش تحصیلی، درگیری تحصیلی و عملکرد تحصیلی تأثیر خواهد داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of MUSIC® model of motivation on academic motivation, educational engagement and mathematic academic performance of Dezfoul secondary school students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behrooz Ātashrooz 1
  • Farah Nāderi 2
  • Rezā Pāshā 2
  • Zahrā Eftekhār Saādi 3
  • Parviz Asgari 2
1 PhD Candidate in Educational Psychology at Islamic Āzād University (Ahvāz Branch)
2 (PhD), Islamic Āzād University (Ahvāz Branch), (corresponding autor)
3 (PhD), Islamic Āzād University (Ahvāz Branch)
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate how the MUSIC model of motivation affects the internal and external educational motivation, educational engagement (motivational strategies, learning strategies), and academic performance of students in mathematics. The research method was experimental with pre-posttests design and control group. The statistical population consisted of all students in the eighth grade of Dezful city. Using multistage cluster random sampling, 50 students were selected in two classes of 25 students from Dezful city and they were randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups. Pre-tests of academic motivation and educational involvement were distributed to both groups and then the MUSIC model of motivation was implemented in the experimental group and the control group received no training in this regard. In this research, the tools of internal and external academic motivation of Hartar and MSLQ were used. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Levin test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and single variable covariance analysis (ANCOVA). The results showed that using the MUSIC model of motivation led in increasing the internal educational motivation, decreasing the external educational motivation, increasing the educational engagement and improving the academic performance of students in the experimental group, compared with the control group. Therefore, the use of the MUSIC model of motivation could have a positive impact on the academic motivation, educational engagement, and academic performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • MUSIC Model of Motivation
  • Educational Engagement
  • Academic performance
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