1 عضو هیئت علمی پژوهشکده تعلیم و تربیت؛
2 رئیس پژوهشگاه مطالعات آموزش و پرورش؛
عنوان مقاله [English]
The objective of this paper is to prepare a develop a model for providing quality feedbacks to students. Importance and necessity :In order to reduce the negative impacts of quantity feedback on students" learning ,as well as mental health, The deputy Minister of Education in General Education prepared a plan entitled "descriptive evaluation". After being approved by Higher Council of Education, they implemented the plan for three years, as an experimental plan, in some of primary schools in education districts throughout the country. In this plan, feedbacks were provided to students in a descriptive form and through a rating scale (orderly arranged category).Results of evaluations measured by Khoshkholgh and Sharifi (2003-2005) showed that in spite of positive impacts on improving mental health of students, "descriptive evaluation" could not affect on promoting their learning quality and even quantity; and one of the important reasons for its failure was lack of a clear model for providing feedbacks in schools. The research method that is used in this paper is quality documentary research. Statistical population consists of 3 books and 26 research papers. Result:In answering the two basic questions of research, first, the position of quantity feedback in both behavioral and cognitive- behavioral approaches was examined, and then, basead on the constructivism approach, a clear and comprehensive definition of quality feedback was conceptualized. At end, according to the elements of the quality feedback definition ,a formulated model was developed and introduced for providing feedbacks to students. In the model of quality feedback ,students will interpret and declare the prepared homework by teacher on the basis of their own previous knowledge and motivational beliefs. thereafter ,they will adopt personal goals and special learning strategies for themselves. In this model, students are involved in preparing feedbacks for their own learning. By orderly implementing the anticipated steps in the quality feedback model ,conditions would be appropriate for students to undertake continuous self-assessment and meanwhile, reinforce their internal schooling motivation, foster their self-regulation learning, and promote the quality level of their taught.