1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی؛
2 کارشناس ارشد سازمان پژوهش و برنامه ریزی آموزشی وزارت آموزش و پرورش
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آموزش ریاضی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the factors affecting students’ mathematical performance is their mathematical knowledge. Like many other issues in mathematics education, mathematical knowledge, has been developed in recent years. In this paper, some of the important studies, researches and approaches on the conceptual and procedural Knowledge of mathematics were analyzed and the result determined three main approaches in this area. At First, one dimensional model of mathematical knowledge was illustrated. So that, this knowledge was classified into conceptual and procedural knowledge. The need for changing this model, Leaded us a two dimensional model of knowledge based on type and quality of knowledge, and then a three dimensional model based on type, depth and readiness for learning were suggested. In addition to the models, diverse ideas regarding the relationship between these two types of knowledge are discussed. Some of the important ideas views were: Inactivation view, simultaneous activation view, dynamic interaction view, Genetic view and Iterative view. In-depth study of existing approaches and also the results of this research suggest that the three dimensional model of mathematical knowledge is the most significant model, compared to other models. Also, the iterative view about the relationship between conceptual and procedural Knowledge is the most significant view, compared to others.