1 کارشناس ارشد برنامه ریزی درسی؛
2 دکترای برنامه ریزی درسی و استادیار دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study, we compared Iran’s career and technical education curriculum with similar curricula in two developed countries (America & Canada) and two developing countries (Pakistan, Morocco), using Beredy’s method. Our aim was using the experiences of other countries for promoting Iran’s career and technical education curriculum. Results of the comparison indicated that the above mentioned countries have included topics of Iran’s career and technical education in more than one subject matter. Information technology education and giving the right of selection to students were common features of the curriculum of these countries.
In the two mentioned developed countries, the subject matters related to career and technical education is instructed based on the need to lifelong learning skill and technology literacy. Curriculum goals are using and evaluating technologies. The pedagogy component of these curricula focus on technology process (Designing & problem solving), and not on content, so theory assessment is integrated with practical assessment.
In the two mentioned developing countries, the related courses for middle level school (6-9) are planned according to national needs and curricula implementation capability. Getting knowledge and skill in information technology, home economy and business affairs are common objectives and content in these countries’ curricula. Also, they focus on active teaching methods and student’s assessment is both practical and theoretical.
Findings suggested that we could determine a name and rational for career and technical education curriculum based on modern life and work needs. In order to instruct technology literacy and necessary skills of life, it is better the curriculum be divided into two optional parts as “technology education” and “life skill education”. Also, these curricula could focus on instruction of designing and problem solving.