استفاده از سامانۀ شاد و تدریس تلویزیونی در دورۀ شیوع کرونا: «کاستی‌ها» و «چون‌وچراها»

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری آموزش ریاضی، پژوهشکده مطالعات برنامه ریزی درسی و نوآوری های آموزشی، پژوهشگاه مطالعات آموزش و پرورش

2 دانشیار پژوهشکده مطالعات برنامه ریزی درسی و نوآوری های آموزشی، پژوهشگاه مطالعات آموزش و پرورش

10.22034/jei.2021.248048.1627

چکیده

با شیوع بیماری کوید-19، وزارت آموزش‌وپرورش برای تداوم آموزش‌های رسمی، معلمان و دانش‌آموزان را به استفاده از تدریس تلویزیونی و سامانۀ شاد ملزم ساخت. این مطالعه به‌منظور ارزیابی برنامه‌های سامانۀ شاد و تدریس تلویزیونی طراحی و اجرا شده است. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌های ناظر بر تجارب دانش‌آموزان و آموزگاران پرسش‌نامه‌هایی تدوین و در سامانۀ شاد به اشتراک گذاشته شد. تعداد 85372 دانش‌آموز و 12778 معلم دورۀ ابتدایی در این مطالعه شرکت کرده‌اند. یافته‌ها نشان داد که گوشی هوشمند دردسترس‌ترین وسیله در میان هر دو گروه بوده است. اکثر دانش‌آموزان و اکثریت قریب‌به‌اتفاق معلمان، سرعت پایین سامانۀ شاد را برای بارگذاری (آپلود) محتوای درسی گزارش کرده‌اند. اکثر دانش‌آموزان دورۀ ابتدایی زمان برنامه‌های تلویزیونی را کم دانسته‌اند. اکثریت قریب به اتفاق دانش‌آموزان اظهار کرده‌اند که معلمِ خودشان بهتر از معلم تلویزیونی تدریس می‌کند. اکثریت قریب به اتفاق دانش آموزان با معلم تلویزیونی ارتباط صمیمی و نزدیکی برقرار نمی‌کردند. درحدود دو پنجم دانش‌آموزان اظهار کرده‌اند که از برنامه‌های تدریس تلویزیون و معلم تلویزیون رضایت دارند. مشکلات معلمان با سامانۀ شاد و آموزش‌های مجازی را می‌توان به چهار دسته طبقه‌بندی کرد: 1. نظارت بر یادگیری دانش‌آموزان؛ 2. مشکلات فنی مربوط به سامانۀ شاد؛ 3. کمبود مهارت معلمان؛ 4. کمبود دسترسی به اینترنت. کمی بیش از یک سوم معلمان، برنامه‌های مدرسۀ تلویزیونی را برای جبران کمبود حضور در کلاس درس مناسب دانسته‌اند. یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر می‌تواند برای بهبود این برنامه‌ها و نیز کاربردهای فناوری در فرایند یاددهی و یادگیری در پساکرونا در مدارس کاربرد داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Using SHĀD application and television teaching during Covid-19 pandemic outbreaks: shortcomings and challenges

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fereshte Zeynivandnezhād 1
  • Ahad Naveedy 2
1 (PhD), Organization for Educational Research and Planning, Research Institute for Education
2 (PhD), Organization for Educational Research and Planning, Research Institute for Education
چکیده [English]

With the outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic, the Ministry of education obliged teachers and students to use TV (Television) teaching and SHĀD application to continue formal education. In order to evaluate the SHĀD application and TV teaching programs, this study was designed and conducted. Questionnaires were developed to collect data on the experiences of students and teachers and they were shared in SHĀD application. A total of 85,372 primary school students and 12,778 primary school teachers participated in this study. Findings showed that smart cellphones were the most accessible tool among both students and teachers. 72.4% of students and 90% of teachers reported slow speed of SHĀD application for downloading and uploading files. 78 % of primary school students considered the time of TV programs as little. 88.6 % of them mentioned that their teachers taught lessons better than teachers in the TV teaching programs and 82.9 % of them did not have a close relationship with a TV teacher. Near 40 percent of students commented that they are satisfied with TV teaching programs and TV teacher. Overall, teachers’ difficulties with SHĀD application could be classified into four categories including 1) monitoring and controlling the students' learning, 2) technical problems of SHĀD application, 3) lack of teachers' skill and finally 4) lack of access to internet. Around 35.2 % of the teachers believed that TV teaching programs were appropriate to compensate for the lack of face to face education in the classrooms. These findings could be used for improving these programs as well as the integration of digital technologies in the teaching and learning processes in Post-Covid-19 education at schools.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • SHĀD application
  • TV (Television) Teaching
  • Primary Education
  • Covid-19 Virus
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