عنوان مقاله [English]
Users’ attitude toward researches and the results has direct relationship with the method of use of the research outcome. This attitude is the deciding element on the amount and the how of using these findings. In order to inquire about users attitudes about research findings, usage forms of the findings with the names of utilization models were studied. Four main utilization models were identified including: Linear Transformation Model, Problem Solving Model, Enlightenment Model, and Interaction Model. With respect to the research question in the field of comparison among the user levels, three groups of users including teachers, experts, and administrators were given attention. Information on the attitude of 181 persons from the user levels gathered by a researcher-made questionnaire.
These subjects of the study were selected with the help of multistage random sampling from among the employees of the organization and 8 districts of the Education Organization in province of Tehran. Data was analyzed with the help of paired-sample T test in each group. Results revealed that users had positive attitudes toward interaction, linear transformation, problem solving, and enlightenment models, respectively. There was no difference in orders of models between users groups. The only difference was seen in significance of the differences. That is, all of observed differences were significant in administrators answers, but there was no significant difference between linear transformation and interactive models and also between problem-solving and enlightenment models in experts’ answers. In addition, the difference between linear transformation model and interactive model was not significant among teachers. Results showed that interactive and linear transformation models were more important models in users view. This finding is in accordance with the previous findings. Enlightenment model had the lowest amount of positive attitudes toward it and due to its benefits, should be introduced to users of research findings.