1 دکترای رشته برنامه ریزی درسی از دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد و مدرس دانشگاه ارومیه،
2 استاد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تبریز
3 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه ارومیه
عنوان مقاله [English]
This research is an endeavor to survey the content of primary and middle school social science textbooks to see how much prophet Mohammad’s traditions are included in them. In addition to the analysis of the contents of the above-mentioned books, the viewpoints of teachers were used. Population investigated in this research consisted of primary and middle school social science textbooks and also the whole number of middle school teachers. The research sample included: 1. primary and middle school social science textbooks, which were analyzed for their content. 2. 80 middle school teachers who were chosen using Cochran formula.
Research tool for collecting the teachers’ views was a researcher-made questionnaire that was arranged according to Likert scale. In order to study the life skills according to Holy Prophet’s tradition, referents of life skills was identified. To classify the data, the descriptive statistics was used. Research hypotheses were tested using referential statistics, i.e., one way analysis of variance and post hoc (sheffe) tests. Then, survey was done according to the research questions and the results were as follows:
The amount of life skills with regard to Holy Prophet’s traditions in social study textbooks were rated as average and below average. The aforementioned rate was recognized higher in the 5th grade primary school textbooks than 4th and 3rd grade and it was higher in the 1st grade middle school textbooks than the 2nd and 3rd grade ones. However, most of the teachers were dissatisfied with the amount of social study textbooks content and the time arranged for its teaching. Most of the 1st and 2nd grade teachers believed that life skills with regard to Holy Prophet’s traditions in social science textbooks were at average rate. However, 3rd grade teachers believed that in 3rd grade social science textbook, this issue was at below average rate.
In sum, the social science teachers of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades stated that in these textbooks, the Holy Prophet’s tradition was not explicitly and clearly indicated. In addition, in their answers to open questions of questionnaire, most teachers suggested the use of Holy Prophet’s tradition in the social science textbooks.