1 استادیار، عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه الزهراء
2 دانشجوی دکترای رشته زبان وادبیات عرب، دانشگاه آزاد، واحد علوم و تحقیقات
عنوان مقاله [English]
Conditional sentences entail causality and suspension of one over the implementation of the other. In these sentences, the verbs of “if clause” and “main clause” are the two essential elements. The other components of these sentences are the sixteen particles that come before two verbs of the present tense, of the past tense or one verb of the present and the other of the past tense and vice versa. Mostly, they make the second sentence the effect, cause and suspended to the implementation of the first sentence. In the discussion on the conditional sentences, it is very important to study the kinds of “main clause’s FA” that means emphasis and causation and also “fajaeeyat’s EZA” that conveys the meaning of suddenness and comes before the main clause. This paper tries to investigate the conditional sentences, conditional particles, conditional “FA” and “EZA” and the circumstances and meanings of these particles. These findings help the writers of Arabic textbooks and teachers to convey the important concept of conditional sentences to students.